By Joseph A. Fitzmyer
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Additional resources for A wandering Aramean: collected Aramaic essays
125. 79 Here we have in official documents the simultaneous use of Greek, Aramaic, and Nabatean; the problem is to say to what extent this might represent language habits in southern Palestine of roughly the same period. Given this simultaneous use, the real question is to what extent Greek would be affecting the Aramaic and vice versa. In the case of the receipt from the Babatha archive, the main text written in Greek, with an Aramaic abstract itself rendered again in a Greek translation, obviously attests to the importance of Greek in the area where such documents were composed.
27 Further evidence of Greek influence is seen also in the linguistic problem of the book as a whole; in its protocanonical form it is composed in two languages, Hebrew and Aramaic, but in its deuterocanonical form Greek appears. This influence is further seen in other apocryphal and deuterocanonical compositions in Greek by Jews, such as 1 Esdras, 2 Maccabees, and the additions to Esther (to mention only those writings that are probably of Palestinian origin). Though the names of a host of Hellenistic Jewish litterateurs who wrote in Greek are known,28 and some fragments of their writings are preserved in patristic authors such as Clement of Alexandria,29 or Eusebius of Caesarea,30 there are only a few whose writings are related to first-century Palestine.
Procurator Augusti," Paper of the British School at Rome 15 (1939) 11-26; Society and Roman Law in the New Testament (Sarum Lectures. 1960-61; Oxford: Clarendon, 1963)6, 12; A. H. Jones, "Procurators and Prefects in the Early Principale," Studies in Roman Government and Law (Oxford: Blackwell 1960), 115-25; £. ; Edinburgh: T. Clark) 1 2 (1905)45; rev. ed. (1973), 1. 357-59; H. G. Pflaum, Les procurateurs équestres sous le haut-empire romain (Paris: Maisonneuve, 1950) 23-25. 2§193-94). Cf. Ant.
A wandering Aramean: collected Aramaic essays by Joseph A. Fitzmyer