By Gene M. Heyman
Publish 12 months note: First released may perhaps fifteenth 2009
Pages note: PDF is 213, pagination is 200
In a booklet bound to motivate controversy, Gene Heyman argues that traditional knowledge approximately addiction--that it's a ailment, a compulsion past wakeful control--is wrong.
Drawing on psychiatric epidemiology, addicts' autobiographies, therapy experiences, and advances in behavioral economics, Heyman makes a robust case that dependancy is voluntary. He exhibits that drug use, like every offerings, is prompted by means of personal tastes and objectives. yet simply as there are winning dieters, there are winning ex-addicts. in reality, habit is the psychiatric ailment with the top fee of restoration. yet what ends an addiction?
At the guts of Heyman's research is a startling view of selection and motivation that applies to all offerings, not only the alternative to take advantage of medicines. The stipulations that advertise quitting a drug dependancy contain new info, cultural values, and, in fact, the prices and merits of extra drug use. such a lot folks keep away from turning into drug based, now not simply because we're specially rational, yet simply because we detest the belief of being an addict.
Heyman's research of well-established yet often missed learn ends up in unforeseen insights into how we make choices--from weight problems to McMansionization--all rooted in our deep-seated tendency to eat an excessive amount of of no matter what we adore top. As wealth raises and expertise advances, the limitation posed by means of addictive medications spreads to new items. even though, this awesome and radical e-book issues to an answer. If drug addicts generally beat dependancy, then non-addicts can learn how to regulate their typical tendency to take an excessive amount of.
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Additional resources for Addiction: A Disorder of Choice
They determined the likelihood that illicit drug use led to addiction as a function of age for four different cohorts, spanning the period 1940 to 1990. The basic ﬁnding was that cohorts born after World War II had much higher addiction rates at all ages. For example, a drug user who was 20 in 1990 (Generation X, b. 1970) was about eight times more likely to become addicted than a drug user who was 20 in 1960 (pre“Youth Culture,” pre-“Baby Boomer,” b. 1940). The major cultural difference that is directly relevant to drugs for the pre– and post–World War II cohorts is the advent of “Youth Culture” in the 1960s.
The last chapter uses the ﬁndings of Chapter 6 to address the question of what makes a substance addictive and why some individuals are more likely than others to use drugs self-destructively. , Miller & Chappel, 1991). The reasoning behind this view is that if addiction is a disease, then science will soon ﬁnd an effective treatment for it, as has been the case for many other diseases, but that if addiction is a matter of choice, then the appropriate response is punishment. For example, if people are choosing to harm themselves and their activity also harms others, then they are getting what they deserve and the damage to society calls for a righting of the scales of justice and retribution.
The darkest bars show those who met the DSM criteria for addiction, either currently or in the past. That these bars are so much shorter means that most people who used did not become addicted. For example, about 50 percent of the informants reported that they had used an illicit drug at least once, whereas according to the interviews, less than 3 percent of informants have a history of dependence on an illicit drug. About half the addiction cases involved marijuana, and the other half involved either stimulants or opiates.
Addiction: A Disorder of Choice by Gene M. Heyman