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Chapter 3 Page 18 © G LONGHURST 1999 All Rights Reserved Worldwide Weight and Balance Theory Self Assessed Exercise No. 1 QUESTIONS: QUESTION 1. List the elements of basic weight. QUESTION 2. What does all up weight minus disposable load equal? QUESTION 3. 5t; Trip fuel 8t. Calculate the actual TOW if ZFW = MZFW. QUESTION 4. Define reference datum. QUESTION 5. What is the difference between zero fuel weight and dry operating weight? QUESTION 6. What consideration limits maximum ramp weight? QUESTION 7.

55 inches aft of the datum extended. 4. In order to demonstrate how the position of the loaded aircraft CG can be determined a small twin piston aircraft is considered in Figure 4-1 and Figure 4-2. A general description of the CG limits for this aeroplane is given at Figure 4-1 and is shown diagrammatically at Figure 4-2. Figure 4-3 shows the load form, which is appropriate to this aeroplane. The layout of the seats, baggage stowage areas and fuel tanks is shown at Figure 4-4 and Figure 4-5. Chapter 4 Page 1 © G LONGHURST 1999 All Rights Reserved Worldwide Centre of Gravity Calculations FIGURE 4-1 Centre of Gravity Limits (Gear Extended) Weight in Pounds Forward Limit Inches Aft of Datum Aft Limit Inches Aft of Datum 7045 (Max.

Chapter 3 Page 7 © G LONGHURST 1999 All Rights Reserved Worldwide Weight and Balance Theory The Forces Acting On An Aeroplane In Flight 22. The centre of gravity is that point on the longitudinal axis through which all of the weight acts vertically downward. The centre of pressure is that point on the longitudinal axis through which all of the lift is assumed to act upward at 90° to the axis. 23. The four forces which act on an aircraft in straight and level flight are lift, weight, thrust and drag.

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Aircraft Mass & Balance Tutorial - PPSC


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