Alternative Action Theory: Simultaneously a Critique of by Ota Weinberger PDF

By Ota Weinberger

ISBN-10: 940106489X

ISBN-13: 9789401064897

ISBN-10: 9401150621

ISBN-13: 9789401150620

Action is conceived of as an intentional habit of somebody or of an institutional topic; it's made up our minds through details processing, particularly through a method during which items of descriptive and useful details are concerned. motion is defined by means of a proper and finalistic conception that is hooked up with a selected idea of associations. The philosophical foundation of the good judgment of norm sentences and of different structures of useful considering (formal teleology, axiology, common sense of personal tastes) is mentioned. the writer criticizes conventional deontic common sense and argues in prefer of a real common sense of norms. The ebook offers a constitution research of the so-called useful inference and of nomic causal propositions. in addition to a serious account of von Wright's sensible philosophy the writer bargains severe analyses of discourse rationality (Habermas, Apel, Alexy) and of Wittgenstein's perspectives on philosophizing.
The ebook addresses readers drawn to philosophical good judgment, useful philosophy, sociology of associations, felony philosophy, and conception democracy.

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Extra info for Alternative Action Theory: Simultaneously a Critique of Georg Henrik von Wright’s Practical Philosophy

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In exactly the same sense, the individual norm, too, is contained in the general one, namely so that a second premise must be added which ascertains the existence of an element of the quantification universe (or the subsumability of the concrete facts of an individual case under the factual criteria of the general norm). Then and only then will this conclusion according to the logic of norms be valid. 22 CHAPTER 1 namely, that a general norm is valid and that the individual meaning, corresponding to it, of a volitional act is present.

THE NATURE OF LOGIC AND THE LOGIC OF NORMS 27 law-giver's will, is a mental construction and hardly a reality,23 this justification strikes me as extremely problematical. Is there not also a consistency question with respect to a moral codex, where the assumption of such a will would be entirely fictitious? Whether a norm is logically (as I put it) compatible with another one does not depend at all on whether both belong to one and the same system. 24 Hence neither the concept of the incompatibility of norms, nor the consistency postulate can be based on a will-like entity as source of the norms.

The universal proposition assumes a general character when type-forming criteria are applied. THE NATURE OF LOGIC AND THE LOGIC OF NORMS 31 unconditional one. That an obligation can be specified (perhaps individualized) by - among other things - indicating the person so obligated is certainly indisputable, and just as little can it be doubted that there was no such specification before. Von Wright evidently thinks that no individual norm arises at all, since everyone has already been conditionally obligated by the general norm to fulfill a promise if he has given one.

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Alternative Action Theory: Simultaneously a Critique of Georg Henrik von Wright’s Practical Philosophy by Ota Weinberger

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