By Claude S. Fischer
The phone looms huge in our lives, as ever found in sleek societies as autos and tv. Claude Fischer offers the 1st social heritage of this important yet little-studied technology--how we encountered, verified, and eventually embraced it with enthusiasm. utilizing mobile advertisements, oral histories, mobilephone correspondence, and statistical info, Fischer's paintings is a colourful exploration of ways, while, and why americans begun speaking during this notably new manner.Studying 3 California groups, Fischer uncovers how the phone grew to become built-in into the personal worlds and group actions of standard americans within the first a long time of this century. ladies have been specifically avid of their use, a phenomenon which the first vigorously discouraged after which later wholeheartedly promoted. many times Fischer reveals that the phone supported a wide-ranging community of social kin and performed a vital function in neighborhood existence, in particular for ladies, from organizing kid's relationships and church actions to assuaging the loneliness and tedium of rural life.Deftly written and meticulously researched, the US Calling provides an incredible new bankruptcy to the social background of our country and illuminates a basic element of cultural modernism that's essential to modern lifestyles.
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Additional resources for America Calling: A Social History of the Telephone to 1940
39 Controversies over road building and improvement that predated the automobile swelled after its arrival. No matter how large the investment, the condition of the streets remained a perpetual scandal to town boosters. , "The first new Studebaker to be received in Antioch was delivered this week to Dr. and Mrs. E. W. Bell by W. A. Christiansen. The car is a five-passenger, Duplex-Phaeton of the Special Six class. It is the latest perfection . . " (Antioch Ledger, 2 October 1924). , Palo Alto Times, 15 November 1895, and 1 November 1901).
Figure 12 summarizes adoption of the telephone by household structure, holding constant specific town and occupation. , excluding boarders or servants). 58 The figure reinforces a few observations made earlier: The more adults in a household, the likelier it was to have a telephone. Women made a greater difference in this regard than did men. Single female heads more often had telephones than did single males. Those in the ''other(s)" category are mostly women. Finally, as noted earlier, it is Â < previous page < previous page page_149 page_15 next page > next page > Page 15 from it.
By 1936, telephone subscription had dropped to roughly the level of 1920. Again, about half of white-collar workers had telephones. , we looked for the 1900 families in 1904 city and telephone directories) to see how commonly subscribers kept their telephones. After World War I, subscribers renewed at high and constant rates, which implies that the fluctuations shown in Figure 10 reflect historical changes in the chances that new subscribers would get telephones. 54 The decline in subscriptions during the Depression occurred not because subscribers canceled the service in greater numbers, but mostly because hardly any new subscribers signed up.
America Calling: A Social History of the Telephone to 1940 by Claude S. Fischer