Read e-book online Aurore: Pensées sur les préjugés moraux PDF

By Friedrich Nietzsche

ISBN-10: 2081352052

ISBN-13: 9782081352056

Dans Aurore (1881), Nietzsche poursuit l’entreprise de critique radicale de l. a. morale commencée dans Humain, trop humain, et pose ainsi les jalons d’un projet philosophique dont ses dernières œuvres, de Par-delà bien et mal à Ecce homo, seront le couronnement.

Le philosophe s’impose ici comme un travailleur des ténèbres, forant le fond de l. a. civilisation pour mettre au jour les origines plus ou moins nobles des idéaux, des croyances et des mœurs, saper les fondements de l. a. morale et faire vaciller nos certitudes. Prônant los angeles libération de l. a. pensée, il en appelle à l’affirmation de nouvelles valeurs. Et il nous montre, à travers cette série de fragments placés sous le signe de l. a. belle humeur, que l’étonnement et le scepticisme sont au principe de toute philosophie : « Un livre comme celui-ci n’est pas fait pour être lu d’un seul tenant ou à voix haute, mais pour être consulté, notamment en prom ou en voyage. On doit pouvoir sans cesse y mettre le nez, puis le relever, et ne plus rien trouver d’habituel autour de soi. »

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Extra resources for Aurore: Pensées sur les préjugés moraux

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What can prompt Hippolytus to leave the sites of his childhood? Those places, Hippolytus answers, have lost their original sweetness because they have been contaminated by the presence of his stepmother, Phaedra. Phaedra is evil, full of hatred, but her nastiness is more than a mere aspect of her personality. Something else makes her a hateful being, an enemy—something Hippolytus can sense. This something is precisely what makes her the essential tragic heroine, and what Racine must convey to his audience so that the "character" is fixed from the start and all that follows occurs as if by fatal necessity.

The structure of the aesthetic stimulus is such that its addressee cannot decode it the way he would any other purely referential sort of communication—that is to say, by separating every component of the proposition so as to distinguish the referent of each. In an aesthetic stimulus, it is not possible to isolate a particular sign and connect it univocally to its denotative meaning: what matters is the global denotatum. ° In the field of aesthetic stimuli, signs are bound by a necessity that is rooted in the perceptual habits of the addressee (otherwise known as his taste): rhyme, meter, a more or less conventional sense of proportion, the need for verisimilitude, other stylistic concerns.

7 We shouldn't, therefore, be too surprised by the frequent use of the term "entropy" in information theories, since to measure a quantity of information means nothing more than to measure the levels of order and disorder in the organization of a given message. The Concept of Information in the Work of Norbert Wiener For Norbert Wiener—who has relied extensively on information theory for his research in cybernetics, that is, in his investigation of the possibilities of control and communication in human beings SO OPENNESS.

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Aurore: Pensées sur les préjugés moraux by Friedrich Nietzsche

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