By Friedrich Nietzsche
Dans Aurore (1881), Nietzsche poursuit l’entreprise de critique radicale de l. a. morale commencée dans Humain, trop humain, et pose ainsi les jalons d’un projet philosophique dont ses dernières œuvres, de Par-delà bien et mal à Ecce homo, seront le couronnement.
Le philosophe s’impose ici comme un travailleur des ténèbres, forant le fond de l. a. civilisation pour mettre au jour les origines plus ou moins nobles des idéaux, des croyances et des mœurs, saper les fondements de l. a. morale et faire vaciller nos certitudes. Prônant los angeles libération de l. a. pensée, il en appelle à l’affirmation de nouvelles valeurs. Et il nous montre, à travers cette série de fragments placés sous le signe de l. a. belle humeur, que l’étonnement et le scepticisme sont au principe de toute philosophie : « Un livre comme celui-ci n’est pas fait pour être lu d’un seul tenant ou à voix haute, mais pour être consulté, notamment en prom ou en voyage. On doit pouvoir sans cesse y mettre le nez, puis le relever, et ne plus rien trouver d’habituel autour de soi. »
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Amazingly sufficient, i used to be blind to this ebook until eventually Slavoj Zizek advised it in the course of a public lecture a number of days in the past. Zizek was once correct to suggest it, yet there's truly way more to the publication than he enable on.
Many folks in Continental philosophy were deeply excited about Deleuze for years, yet have by no means fairly been in a position to outline simply what it really is he's doing. it's been tremendous tough to combine Deleuze with the movement of thinkers operating from Husserl via Heidegger and past. so much Deleuzians haven't been particularly useful in clarifying issues, seeing that they generally tend to be happy with a sequence of destructive feedback approximately Plato, Hegel, et al. , and not often additional the paintings in their hero other than to propagate lame simulacra of his marvelous style.
With admire to this challenge, Badiou's publication is a bolt from the blue. He starts off the publication by way of frankly mentioning that twentieth century philosophy used to be way more vital for its concentrate on being than for its intended linguistic flip. this might be a predictable assertion from a dogmatic Heideggerian, yet Badiou doesn't appear to be a champion of Heidegger in any respect, which makes the reader's ears refreshingly alert for the argument that follows.
What we obtain from Badiou is: a) a really really appropriate account of what Heidegger's distinct contribution to philosophy rather is; b) a stunning yet plausible declare that Deleuze is Heidegger's such a lot direct inheritor; and c) a masterful assertion of these issues on which in Badiou's opinion Deleuze is going a ways past Heidegger. this isn't simply the clearest assertion i've got ever heard of Deleuze's easy principles, yet the best such remedies of Heidegger in addition. And it all in precisely a handful of pages! without notice, Deleuze emerges as not only a cute and hard-to-place flamethrower, yet because the foreboding Crown Prince of a post-Heideggerian century. marvelous and plausible! I now are looking to return and re-read all of Deleuze.
Badiou additionally hits upon a very good inspiration in together with as an appendix the entire key passages from Deleuze on which his interpretation is predicated. all of us should do that in our commentaries from now on.
Finally, i want to congratulate the Univ. of Minnesota Press on constructing a remarkable new layout for the speculation Out of Bounds sequence within which Badiou's publication is released. With its floppy entrance conceal and large overhead margins, the e-book seems to be and feels extra like an easy university workbook than a dry educational tome. for that reason, the reader can't face up to making Medieval-style commentaries alongside the head and aspect of each web page. speak about "the finish of the book" all you're keen on, yet whoever designed this sequence has performed way more to change the style of philosophical books than such a lot would-be revolutionaries in academia.
In sum, this is often an invigorating paintings that places to disgrace the tedious wordplay of rather a lot American Continental notion. I now wait for ordering Badiou's significant paintings, L'Etre et L'Evenement.
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Extra resources for Aurore: Pensées sur les préjugés moraux
What can prompt Hippolytus to leave the sites of his childhood? Those places, Hippolytus answers, have lost their original sweetness because they have been contaminated by the presence of his stepmother, Phaedra. Phaedra is evil, full of hatred, but her nastiness is more than a mere aspect of her personality. Something else makes her a hateful being, an enemy—something Hippolytus can sense. This something is precisely what makes her the essential tragic heroine, and what Racine must convey to his audience so that the "character" is fixed from the start and all that follows occurs as if by fatal necessity.
The structure of the aesthetic stimulus is such that its addressee cannot decode it the way he would any other purely referential sort of communication—that is to say, by separating every component of the proposition so as to distinguish the referent of each. In an aesthetic stimulus, it is not possible to isolate a particular sign and connect it univocally to its denotative meaning: what matters is the global denotatum. ° In the field of aesthetic stimuli, signs are bound by a necessity that is rooted in the perceptual habits of the addressee (otherwise known as his taste): rhyme, meter, a more or less conventional sense of proportion, the need for verisimilitude, other stylistic concerns.
7 We shouldn't, therefore, be too surprised by the frequent use of the term "entropy" in information theories, since to measure a quantity of information means nothing more than to measure the levels of order and disorder in the organization of a given message. The Concept of Information in the Work of Norbert Wiener For Norbert Wiener—who has relied extensively on information theory for his research in cybernetics, that is, in his investigation of the possibilities of control and communication in human beings SO OPENNESS.
Aurore: Pensées sur les préjugés moraux by Friedrich Nietzsche