Download e-book for kindle: Authority and the Individual (Routledge Classics) by Bertrand Russell

By Bertrand Russell

ISBN-10: 0415487331

ISBN-13: 9780415487337

From historic Greek philosophy to the French Revolution to the fashionable welfare kingdom, in Authority and the Individual Bertrand Russell tackles the perennial questions on the stability among authority and human freedom. With attribute readability and deep realizing, he explores the formation and objective of society, schooling, ethical evolution and social, low-priced and highbrow growth. First of the famous BBC Reith lectures, this excellent assortment promises Russell at his highbrow best.

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Extra info for Authority and the Individual (Routledge Classics)

Sample text

A person who takes possession of another's goods, and uses them as his own, in a manner declares them to be his own; and this falsehood is the source of the immorality of injustice. But is property, or right, or obligation, intelligible, without an antecedent morality? A man that is ungrateful to his benefactor, in a manner affirms that he never received any favours from him. But in what manner? Is it because 'tis his duty to be grateful? But this supposes, that there is some antecedent rule of duty and morals ....

I do not want to entangle these two issues overmuch, but it may at this point actually assist in elucidating what Hume means to consider briefly the philosophical issues raised by the difference between what he actually does say and what he is customarily alleged to say. Hume is customarily alleged to be making a purely formal point about 'ought' and 'is', and the kind of approach to ethics which makes such formal analyses central ten~ to lead to one disconcerting result. The connection between morality and happiness is made to appear purely contingent and accidental.

When he speaks of what we should call 'deductive arguments' he always uses the term 'demonstrative arguments'. The word 'deduction' and its cognates have no entry in Selby-Bigge's indexes at all, so that its isolated occurrence in this passage at least stands in need of interpretation. The entries under 'deduction' and 'deduce' in the Oxford English Dictionary make it quite clear that in ordinary eighteenth-century use these were likely to be synonyms rather for 'inference' and 'infer' than for 'entailment' and 'entail'.

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Authority and the Individual (Routledge Classics) by Bertrand Russell


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