Read e-book online Autism spectrum disorders: psychological theory and research PDF

By Dermot Bowler

ISBN-10: 0470026863

ISBN-13: 9780470026861

Mental examine into autism spectrum problems (ASD) has elevated exponentially within the final twenty years. a lot of this paintings has been led through a number of theorists who declare to have pointed out techniques that carry the major to figuring out the situation. therefore, rookies to the sector consider that they've to decide upon a number of of the competing ways and to overlook the remaining as being ultimately fallacious. actually, the several theoretical views are only that - assorted issues of view at the similar phenomenon - every one with its personal insights to supply. this isn't to claim that knowing ASD in mental phrases is simply a question of selecting a standpoint and that every one views are of equivalent price. sincerely they're not.This ebook, as well as offering an summary of what present views need to supply, additionally presents a framework to aid readers to make a decision which points of mental examine into ASD give a contribution to our knowing of the sphere and the way those may be built-in in a fashion that permits learn to be taken ahead.

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Some of the clear liquid was then drained off and some colourless gas was bubbled through it. The contents of the flask turned milky and another sediment settled out’. This is one way to describe a chemical procedure, and is UNDERSTANDING OTHER MINDS: COGNITIVE APPROACHES 29 somewhat akin to a behaviourist’s account of a person’s actions. * There are considerable advantages to this kind of re-description. In the case of chemistry, it allows us to predict what might happen in certain circumstances (for example, that the quantity of Ca that can combine with a given quantity of O is half the quantity of H that will combine with the same quantity of O).

In the deception condition, the thief or the friend would ask the child from a distance whether the box was open or closed. Children with ASD had greater difficulty in telling the thief that the box was closed when in fact it was open. These findings were interpreted as reflecting a relative difficulty with the concept of deception in the ASD children. But the two tasks ask different things of the child. On the one hand, s/he has to perform an action on the box. In the second, s/he has to describe the state of the lock on the box, which in the case where the thief was approaching, would be a counterfactual description.

So it was unlikely that the children with ASD were performing poorly on the Sally–Anne task because of low IQ or because they could not follow the story. The most likely conclusion was that they had difficulty in understanding false belief – the fact that Sally could hold a belief about the location of the marble that was different from the child’s own. This study by Baron-Cohen et al. forms the cornerstone of nearly 20 years of research into impaired theory of mind in individuals with ASD, and has generated a body of work that has until recently dominated psychological research into the condition (see, for example Baron-Cohen, Tager-Flusberg & Cohen, 1993; 1999).

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Autism spectrum disorders: psychological theory and research by Dermot Bowler

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